Semi-skilled work requires paying attention to detail or protecting against risks but it doesn’t include complex job duties. Semi-skilled work doesn't require you to have advanced training or education and typically takes between three and six months to fully learn a semi-skilled job.
Some semi-skilled jobs require monitoring, quality checking, or doing repetitive tasks. Here are some examples of semi-skilled jobs:
Skilled work requires workers to use their judgment to make decisions and may require them to measure, calculate, read, or estimate. Skilled work often has specific qualifications such as educational degrees or professional training and usually requires intellectual reasoning and problem-solving skills.
Accountant General Inventory
Associate Inventory Accountant
Accountant – External Auditor
Accountant – Internal Auditor
Air Traffic Controller
Airconditioning and Mechanical Services Plumber
Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic
Anatomist or Physiologist
Art Director (Film, Television or Stage/Non Fiction)
Boat Builder and Repairer
Business and Information Professionals (nec)
Carpenter and Joiner
Child Care Centre Manager
Civil Engineering Draftsperson
Civil Engineering Technician
Computer Network and Systems Engineer
Computing Professionals – Applications and Analyst Programmer
Computing Professionals – Computer Systems Auditor
Computing Professionals – Software Designer
Computing Professionals – Systems Designer
Computing Professionals – Systems Manager
Computing Professionals – Systems Programmer
Construction Project Manager
Dancer or Choreographer
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiologist
Diesel Motor Mechanic
Director (Film, Television, Radio or Stage)
Director of Photography
Drug and Alcohol Counsellor
Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teacher
Electrical Engineering Draftsperson
Electrical Engineering Technician
Electrician (Special Class)
Electronic Equipment Worker
Electronic Instrument Worker (General)
Electronic Instrument Worker (Special Class)
Emergency Medicine Specialist
Engineer – Aeronautical Engineer
Engineer – Agricultural Engineer
Engineer – Biomedical Engineer
Engineer – Building and Engineering Professionals
Engineer – Chemical Engineer
Engineer – Civil Engineer
Engineer – Civil Engineering Technologist
Engineer – Electrical Engineer
Engineer – Electrical or Electronics Engineering Technologist
Engineer – Electronics Engineer
Engineer – Engineering Technologists
Engineer – Industrial Engineer
Engineer – Materials Engineer
Engineer – Mechanical Engineer
Engineer – Mechanical Engineering Technologist
Engineer – Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum)
Engineer – Naval Architect
Engineer – Petroleum Engineer
Engineer – Production or Plant Engineer
Environmental and Agricultural Science Professionals
Environmental Health Officer
Environmental Research Scientist
Film and Video Editor
Fitter and Turner
Flight Service Officer
Health Information Manager
Industrial Relations Officer
Intensive Care Specialist
Inventory Accountant in the state.
Journalists and Related Professionals
Legal Practitioner – Barrister
Legal Practitioner – Solicitor
Medical Diagnostic Radiographer
Medical Practitioner – Anaesthetist
Medical Practitioner – Dermatologist
Medical Practitioner – Emergency Medicine Specialist
Medical Practitioner – General Medical Practitioner
Medical Practitioner – Obstetrician and Gynaecologist
Medical Practitioner – Ophthalmologist
Medical Practitioner – Paediatrician
Medical Practitioner – Pathologist
Medical Practitioner – Psychiatrist
Medical Practitioner – Radiologist
Medical Practitioner – Specialist Medical Practitioners (nec)
Medical Practitioner – Specialist Physician
Medical Practitioner – Surgeon
Medical Radiation Therapist
Medical Scientist (Medical Physicist)
Metal Machinist (First Class)
Mining Engineer (Excluding Petroleum)
Ministers of Religion
Motor Mechanic (General)
Museum or Gallery Curator
Music Teacher (Private)
Natural and Physical Science Professionals (nec)
Nuclear Medicine Technologist
Nurse – Nurse Educator
Nurse – Nurse Manager
Nurse – Nurse Researcher
Nurse – Registered Developmental Disability Nurse
Nurse – Registered Mental Health Nurse
Nurse – Registered Midwife
Nurse – Registered Nurse
Nursing Clinical Director
Obstetrician and Gynaecologist
Occupational Health and Safety Adviser
Occupational Health and Safety Officer
Organisation and Methods Analyst
Other Spatial Scientist
Painter (Visual Arts)
Pharmacist – Hospital Pharmacist
Pharmacist – Industrial Pharmacist
Pharmacist – Retail Pharmacist
Physicist (Medical Physicist only)
Pilot – Aircraft Pilot
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
Potter or Ceramic Artist
Primary Health Organisation Manager
Production Manager (Mining)
Production or Plant
Program Director (Radio or Television)
Psychologist – Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist – Educational Psychologist
Psychologist – Organisational Psychologist
Psychologist – Psychologists (nec)
Public Relations Officer
Quality Assurance Manager
Radio Communications Technician
Radiographer – Medical Diagnostic Radiographer
Radiographer – Nuclear Medicine Technologist
Radiographer – Radiation Therapist
Radiographer – Sonographer
Registered Nurse (Aged Care)
Registered Nurse (Child and Family Health)
Registered Nurse (Community Health)
Registered Nurse (Critical Care and Emergency)
Registered Nurse (Developmental Disability)
Registered Nurse (Disability and Rehabilitation)
Registered Nurse (Medical Practice)
Registered Nurse (Medical)
Registered Nurse (Mental Health)
Registered Nurse (Paediatrics)
Registered Nurse (Perioperative)
Registered Nurse (Surgical)
Renal Medicine Specialist
Seafarer – Ship's Engineer
Seafarer – Ship's Master
Seafarer – Ship's Officer
Secondary School Teacher
Secretary or administrative assistant
Sheetmetal Trades Worker
Small Engine Mechanic
Social Professionals (nec)
Special Education Teachers
Special Needs Teacher
Specialist Physician (General Medicine)
Teacher – Education Officer
Teacher – English as a Second Language Teacher
Teacher – Extra-systemic Teachers (nec)
Teacher – Pre-Primary School Teacher
Teacher – Primary School Teacher
Teacher – Secondary School Teacher
Teacher – Special Education Teachers (nec)
Teacher – Special Needs Teacher
Teacher – Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
Teacher – Vocational Education Teacher (Non-trades)
Teacher – Vocational Education Teacher (Trades)
Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
Teacher of the Sight Impaired
Teacher of the Sight Impaired
Technical Cable Jointer
Technical Sales Representatives (nec)
Telecommunications Field Engineer
Telecommunications Network Engineer
Telecommunications Network Planner
Telecommunications Technical Officer or Technologist
Thoracic Medicine Specialist
Urban and Regional Planner
Urban and Regional Planner
Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals
Wall and Floor Tiler
Welder (First Class)
Welfare Centre Manager
Many methods of training are available- each has certain advantages and disadvantages.
1. Technology-Based Learning
Common methods of learning via technology include:
•Basic PC-based programs
•Interactive multimedia - using a PC-based CD-ROM
•Interactive video - using a computer in conjunction with a VCR
•Web-based training programs
The forms of training with technology are almost unlimited. A trainer also gets more of the learner''s involvement than in any other environment and trainees have the benefit of learning at their own pace.
Simulators are used to imitate real work experiences.
Most simulators are very expensive but for certain jobs, like learning to fly a 747, they are indispensable. Astronauts also train extensively using simulators to imitate the challenges and micro-gravity experienced on a space mission. The military also uses video games (similar to the "shoot-em-up" ones your 14-year old plays) to train soldiers.
3. On-The-Job Training
Jumping right into work from day one can sometimes be the most effective type of training.
Here are a few examples of on-the-job training:
•Read the manual - a rather boring, but thorough way of gaining knowledge of about a task.
•A combination of observation, explanation and practice.
•Trainers go through the job description to explain duties and answer questions.
•Use the intranet so trainees can post questions concerning their jobs and experts within the company can answer them.
Coaching/mentoring gives employees a chance to receive training one-on-one from an experienced professional. This usually takes place after another more formal process has taken place to expand on what trainees have already learned.
Here are three examples of coaching/mentoring:
•Hire professional coaches for managers (see our HR.com article on Understanding Executive Coaching)
•Set up a formal mentoring program between senior and junior managers
•Implement less formal coaching/mentoring to encourage the more experienced employees to coach the less experienced.
Coaching/mentoring gives trainees the chance to ask questions and receive thorough and honest answers - something they might not receive in a classroom with a group of people.
Lectures usually take place in a classroom-format.
It seems the only advantage to a lecture is the ability to get a huge amount of information to a lot of people in a short amount of time. It has been said to be the least effective of all training methods. In many cases, lectures contain no form of interaction from the trainer to the trainee and can be quite boring. Studies show that people only retain 20 percent of what they are taught in a lecture.
6. Group Discussions & Tutorials
These most likely take place in a classroom where a group of people discuss issues.
For example, if an unfamiliar program is to be implemented, a group discussion on the new program would allow employees to ask questions and provide ideas on how the program would work best.
A better form of training than lectures, it allows all trainees to discuss issues concerning the new program. It also enables every attendee to voice different ideas and bounce them off one another.
7. Role Playing
Role playing allows employees to act out issues that could occur in the workplace. Key skills often touched upon are negotiating and teamwork.
A role play could take place between two people simulating an issue that could arise in the workplace. This could occur with a group of people split into pairs, or whereby two people role play in front of the classroom.
Role playing can be effective in connecting theory and practice, but may not be popular with people who don´t feel comfortable performing in front of a group of people.
8. Management Games
Management games simulate real-life issues faced in the workplace. They attract all types of trainees including active, practical and reflective employees.
Some examples of management games could include:
•Computer simulations of business situations that managers ´play´.
•Board games that simulate a business situation.
•Games surrounding thought and creativity - to help managers find creative ways to solve problems in the workplace, or to implement innovative ideas.
9. Outdoor Training
A nice break from regular classroom or computer-based training, the usual purpose of outdoor training is to develop teamwork skills.
Some examples include:
•Wilderness or adventure training - participants live outdoors and engage in activities like whitewater rafting, sailing, and mountain climbing.
•Low-impact programming - equipment can include simple props or a permanently installed "low ropes" course.
•High-impact programming - Could include navigating a 40-foot "high ropes" course, rock climbing, or rappelling.
Outgoing and active participants may get the most out of this form of training. One risk trainers might encounter is distraction, or people who don´t like outdoor activities.
10. Films & Videos
Films and videos can be used on their own or in conjunction with other training methods.
To be truly effective, training films and videos should be geared towards a specific objective. Only if they are produced effectively, will they keep the trainees attention. They are also effective in stimulating discussion on specific issues after the film or video is finished.
Films and videos are good training tools, but have some of the same disadvantages as a lecture - i.e., no interaction from the trainees.
A few risks to think about - showing a film or video from an outside source may not touch on issues directly affecting a specific company. Trainees may find the information very interesting but irrelevant to their position in the company.
Some trainers like to show videos as a break from another training method, i.e. as a break from a lecture instead of a coffee break.
This is not a good idea for two reasons. One: after a long lecture, trainees will usually want a break from any training material, so a training film wouldn´t be too popular. Two: using films and videos solely for the purpose of a break could get expensive.
11. Case Studies
Case studies provide trainees with a chance to analyze and discuss real workplace issues. They develop analytical and problem-solving skills, and provide practical illustrations of principle or theory. They can also build a strong sense of teamwork as teams struggle together to make sense of a case.
All types of issues could be covered - i.e. how to handle a new product launch.
12. Planned Reading
Basically planned reading is pre-stage preparation to more formal methods of training. Some trainees need to grasp specific issues before heading into the classroom or the team-building session.
Planned reading will provide employees with a better idea of what the issues are, giving them a chance to think of any questions beforehand.
Many avenues exist to train employees. The key is to match the training method to the situation. Assess each training method implemented in the organization and get feedback from trainees to see if they learned anything. Then take the results from the most popular and most effective methods to design a specific training program.
What are examples of various states in various continents around the world?