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Camera Controls
Digital photography
Exposure and rendering
Lighting and Color
Photo Editing
Photography Contests
Fixing Common Photo Problems
First camera photography (1820s)
Other Photographic Techniques
Technical Aspects
What is Photography?
Photography involves capturing images with a camera. These images can be of just about anything, including people, places, animals, objects, or events.

A professional photographer does much more than just take pictures, though. Professional photographs are often able to elicit certain feelings. Simply looking at professional photographs can bring on feelings of happiness, dismay, fear, awe, nostalgia, or even hunger.

Expert photographers are also able to make people or situations appear different than they really are. This can be done by utilizing different lighting techniques, or positioning people or objects a certain way. With today’s advanced image editing software, many photographers also change some elements of their photographs in order to make them look a particular way.

What Are the Different Types of Photography?

Types Of Photography

Different Kinds Of Photography

Aerial Photography

Aerial photography refers to those photographs that are shot from a plane, a helicopter, a hot-air balloon or any other mode of airborne transportation.

Adventure Photography

Ever seen those photographs taken of bikes high in the air? Well, you can thank adventure photography for that. Adventure photography is all about photos of daring feats, sports and adventure in general.

Architectural Photography

Architectural photography involves that art or taking aesthetic photographs of properties that help promote the sale of the same.

Artistic Photography

Artistic photography is all about photography that focuses mostly on creativity and shots that are extremely pleasing to the eye.


Astrophotography stands to signify space photography, or photography that materializes into the confines of reality with the assistance of a telescope.

Aura Photography

Aura photography is a branch of photography that still remains a mystery to man. It focuses on photographing the aura or personality of a person.

Black And White Photography

Black and white photography deals with classic black and white shots that throw light on the expressions of people. Color really has no role to play in black and white photography.

Commercial Photography

Those pictures that are taken to promote products, services and companies come under the rather large banner of commercial photography.


Digiscoping refers to the photographs taken with the assistance of a binocular or a telescope.

Documentary Photography

Photographs taken to make any particular documentary a success can be branded as documentary photography. Here, the nature of the documentary or its purpose doesn’t really matter much.

Event Photography

Event photography stands to represent the photographs taken of events that can involve concerts, festivals, parties, etc.

Forensic Photography

Photographs taken to help solve a crime or work on clues are best described as forensic photography.

Fashion Photography

A photograph taken to promote or publicize fashion falls under the broad banner of fashion photography. Those glossy pictures you see in glossy fashion magazines are examples of fashion photography.

Kirlian Photography

Under the limited wingspan of kirlian photography an object that touches a photographic plate is connected to a high voltage source which results in an aura-like image. However, kirlian photography and aura photography are not one and the same thing.

Macro Photography

Macro photography can be described as the art and technique of photographing small objects and doing so from hardly any distance.

Medical Photography

Medical photography includes specialized photos that are taken purely for clinical and medical purposes.

Nature Photography

Nature photography brings within its folds the various photographs that are taken of animals, plants, the sea, landscapes, mountains, etc.

People Photography

Photos that are all about people, the way they behave, the way they move and the way they express themselves fall under what is popularly known as people photography.

Sports Photography

Sports photography is that branch of photography that revolves around photographs taken of sport stars in action.

Time Lapse Photography

Time lapse photographs are those photographs that are taken with an unusually long exposure which helps throw light on something happening over a certain period of time.

Underwater Photography

A photograph that is taken under water with the aid of a water-tight camera falls under the fascinating branch of underwater photography.

Photographers can – and will – often choose to focus their career in a certain area of photography. Some photographers might only shoot portrait pictures, for example, which involves taking pictures of people, particularly their faces.

Glamor photographers and fashion photographers will take pictures of models and their clothes. These pictures, however, are meant to enhance a person’s beauty or style, and many of them are retouched or airbrushed.

Still life photography, on the other hand, involves taking pictures of static, or still, objects. This can include such things as scenery or architecture.

Photojournalism generally involves shooting pictures of newsworthy events. These types of photographers are usually referred to as photojournalists, and they are often ______ by newspapers and magazines.

There are also other specialized types of photography, including science photography, nature photography, underwater photography, and advertising photography.

What Education Do You Need to Become a Photographer?

While an eye for detail is necessary for a career in photography, many positions also require photographers to hold at least bachelor's degrees in photography. Colleges and universities also offer graduate degree programs in photography geared toward students looking to advance their skills or teach at the college level.

Photographer Education Requirements

While some photographers lead successful careers with only experience and skill, many photographers pursue formal career training through undergraduate degree programs. This is especially true for those in specialties such as industrial photography, photojournalism or scientific photography. Even photographers specializing in freelance and portrait photography often gain technical expertise through college degree programs.

Bachelor's Degree

Undergraduate degree programs in photography and related fields may be available at art schools, colleges and universities. Bachelor of Fine Arts in Photography programs generally focus on hands-on instruction in the technical and creative aspects of the visual art. Courses may include photography techniques, studio lighting, color theory, graphic design, digital photography and artwork critique.

Upper-division courses may include studio classes in which students use advanced techniques including lighting and digital photography. These courses typically allow students to experiment with their photographic skills. Many photography degree programs culminate in a senior project. These projects help students to build their portfolios and transition to a career as a professional photographer.

Master's Degree

Photographers interested in further developing their skills and advancing their careers may consider earning master's degrees. Some colleges and universities offer Master of Fine Arts in Photography programs, which typically take 2-3 years to complete. Studio courses and independent study are the backbone of such degree programs. Students utilize their advanced knowledge of photography to complete various projects while pushing the boundaries of their creative abilities.

Students generally develop their own curricula according to areas of interest and complete visual and written thesis projects based on their graduate studies. Thesis projects may be displayed in university exhibitions. Completion of master's degree programs in photography may qualify graduates for teaching positions at community colleges and some 4-year colleges. Some programs prepare students for careers in postsecondary education by incorporating teaching courses.

What Can a Person Do With a Photography Degree?
Like many other art professions, photography is very competitive.


Photographers can set up their own studio.


The medical field often uses the services of scientific photographers. They take pictures that are used for medical records and other technical procedures. This often requires that they have at least a working knowledge of the field they are employed in. In addition to photography, some coursework should be included in areas such as biology and chemistry.


A photojournalist is employed by publications such as newspapers and magazines. They may be part of the publication's staff or work on a freelance basis to cover news and sporting events. These positions typically require a degree and a photo portfolio. It is also necessary to be able to work in a fast-paced environment requiring rapid motion.


What is a Photographer?

A photographer is a person who takes photographs.

Questions you need to answer.

What kind of gear do you use?

Camera body -
Lens -
Tripod -
Filters -
Flash -
Camera bag -
Mention others, if any.

Which is your favorite lens? Why?

When you go in one of your travels, what all you take with you? Why?

Among the gadgets that you own, is there something that you wish you hadn’t bought? Why?

In the field, what are your settings?

Aperture –
Shutter Speed –
White Balance –
Focus – Manual/Auto
Image Format – RAW/JPEG

What kind of tools do you use for post processing?
Explain your work flow.

How do you educate yourself to take better pictures?

Among your works, which one is your favorite? Why?

Whose work has influenced you most?

What is the one thing you wish you knew when you started taking photos?

Here are further guidelines.

Digital Camera World
Here are further guidelines.
Potential Uses for Photography
Annual Reports
Artwork & Decor
Award Submissions
Building Wraps
Business Cards & Letterhead
CD or DVD covers and artwork
Screen Savers
Direct Mail documents
Digital Photography in Ophthalmology
Gift Wrap
Magazine editorial and advertising Maps
Marketing Letters
PDF Brochures & Documents
Photographic prints
PowerPoint Presentations
Presentation Kits
Press Kits
Promotional materials
State Photo Identification Card
Security cards
Slide presentations
Transit displays
Wireless Security Camera System