Here are some examples of unskilled jobs: |
Cleaner or janitor |
Construction laborer |
Construction Laborers and Helpers |
Fast food worker |
Information desk clerk |
Line operator |
Parking lot attendant |
Sewing machine operator (semi-automatic) |
Vegetable harvester/picker (and some other types of farm workers).
Semi-Skilled Work |
Semi-skilled work requires paying attention to detail or protecting against risks but it doesn’t include complex job duties. Semi-skilled work doesn't require you to have advanced training or education and typically takes between three and six months to fully learn a semi-skilled job.
Some semi-skilled jobs require monitoring, quality checking, or doing repetitive tasks. Here are some examples of semi-skilled jobs:
Fast food cook |
File clerk, and |
Flight attendant |
Furniture mover |
Laundry operator |
Nurse's assistant |
Security guard |
Telephone solicitor |
Skilled Occupations List (SOL)
Skilled Work |
Skilled work requires workers to use their judgment to make decisions and may require them to measure, calculate, read, or estimate. Skilled work often has specific qualifications such as educational degrees or professional training and usually requires intellectual reasoning and problem-solving skills. |
Accountant General Inventory |
Associate Inventory Accountant |
Accountant – External Auditor |
Accountant – Internal Auditor |
Advertising Specialist |
Aeronautical Engineer |
Agricultural Adviser |
Agricultural Consultant |
Agricultural Engineer |
Agricultural Scientist |
Air Traffic Controller |
Airconditioning and Mechanical Services Plumber |
Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic |
Analyst Programmer |
Anatomist or Physiologist |
Art Director (Film, Television or Stage/Non Fiction) |
Automotive Electrician |
Biomedical Engineer |
Boat Builder and Repairer |
Book Editor |
Building Surveyor |
Business and Information Professionals (nec) |
Cardiothoracic Surgeon |
Careers Counsellor |
Carpenter and Joiner |
Chemical Engineer |
Child Care Centre Manager |
Civil Engineer |
Civil Engineering Draftsperson |
Civil Engineering Technician |
Clinical Haematologist |
Clinical Psychologist |
Community Worker |
Computer Network and Systems Engineer |
Computing Professionals |
Computing Professionals – Applications and Analyst Programmer |
Computing Professionals – Computer Systems Auditor |
Computing Professionals – Software Designer |
Computing Professionals – Systems Designer |
Computing Professionals – Systems Manager |
Computing Professionals – Systems Programmer |
Construction Project Manager |
Dance Teacher |
Dancer or Choreographer |
Dental Hygienist |
Dental Prosthetist |
Dental Specialist |
Dental Specialist |
Dental Technician |
Dental Therapist |
Developer Programmer |
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiologist |
Diesel Motor Mechanic |
Director (Film, Television, Radio or Stage) |
Director of Photography |
Drug and Alcohol Counsellor |
Early Childhood (Pre-Primary School) Teacher |
Educational Psychologist |
Electorate Officer |
Electrical Engineer |
Electrical Engineering Draftsperson |
Electrical Engineering Technician |
Electrical Linesworker |
Electrician (General) |
Electrician (Special Class) |
Electronic Equipment Worker |
Electronic Instrument Worker (General) |
Electronic Instrument Worker (Special Class) |
Electronics Engineer |
Emergency Medicine Specialist |
Engineer – Aeronautical Engineer |
Engineer – Agricultural Engineer |
Engineer – Biomedical Engineer |
Engineer – Building and Engineering Professionals |
Engineer – Chemical Engineer |
Engineer – Civil Engineer |
Engineer – Civil Engineering Technologist |
Engineer – Electrical Engineer |
Engineer – Electrical or Electronics Engineering Technologist |
Engineer – Electronics Engineer |
Engineer – Engineering Technologists |
Engineer – Industrial Engineer |
Engineer – Materials Engineer |
Engineer – Mechanical Engineer |
Engineer – Mechanical Engineering Technologist |
Engineer – Mining Engineer (excluding Petroleum) |
Engineer – Naval Architect |
Engineer – Petroleum Engineer |
Engineer – Production or Plant Engineer |
Engineering Manager |
Engineering Technologist |
Environmental and Agricultural Science Professionals |
Environmental Engineer |
Environmental Health Officer |
Environmental Research Scientist |
External Auditor |
Extractive Metallurgist |
Family Counsellor |
Fashion Designer |
Fibrous Plasterer |
Film and Video Editor |
Fitter (General) |
Fitter and Turner |
Flight Engineer |
Flight Service Officer |
Flying Instructor |
General Practitioner |
Geotechnical Engineer |
Graphic Designer |
Health Information Manager |
Industrial Designer |
Industrial Relations Officer |
Instrumental Musician |
Intelligence Officer |
Intensive Care Specialist |
Interior Designer |
Internal Auditor |
Inventory Accountant in the state. |
Journalists and Related Professionals |
Land Economist |
Landscape Architect |
Landscape Architect |
Legal Practitioner – Barrister |
Legal Practitioner – Solicitor |
Legal Professionals |
Life Scientists |
Lift Mechanic |
Management Accountant |
Management Consultant |
Marine Biologist |
Master Fisher |
Materials Engineer |
Materials Scientist |
Mechanical Engineer |
Medical Administrator |
Medical Diagnostic Radiographer |
Medical Laboratory |
Medical Oncologist |
Medical Practitioner – Anaesthetist |
Medical Practitioner – Dermatologist |
Medical Practitioner – Emergency Medicine Specialist |
Medical Practitioner – General Medical Practitioner |
Medical Practitioner – Obstetrician and Gynaecologist |
Medical Practitioner – Ophthalmologist |
Medical Practitioner – Paediatrician |
Medical Practitioner – Pathologist
Medical Practitioner – Psychiatrist
Medical Practitioner – Radiologist
Medical Practitioner – Specialist Medical Practitioners (nec)
Medical Practitioner – Specialist Physician
Medical Practitioner – Surgeon
Medical Radiation Therapist
Medical Scientist (Medical Physicist)
Metal Machinist (First Class)
Mining Engineer (Excluding Petroleum)
Ministers of Religion
Motor Mechanic (General)
Museum or Gallery Curator
Music Teacher (Private)
Natural and Physical Science Professionals (nec)
Nuclear Medicine Technologist
Nurse – Nurse Educator
Nurse – Nurse Manager
Nurse – Nurse Researcher
Nurse – Registered Developmental Disability Nurse
Nurse – Registered Mental Health Nurse
Nurse – Registered Midwife
Nurse – Registered Nurse
Nursing Clinical Director
Office clerk |
Obstetrician and Gynaecologist
Occupational Health and Safety Adviser
Occupational Health and Safety Officer
Organisation and Methods Analyst
Other Spatial Scientist
Painter (Visual Arts)
Pharmacist – Hospital Pharmacist
Pharmacist – Industrial Pharmacist
Pharmacist – Retail Pharmacist
Physicist (Medical Physicist only)
Pilot – Aircraft Pilot
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
Potter or Ceramic Artist
Primary Health Organisation Manager
Production Manager (Mining)
Production or Plant
Program Director (Radio or Television)
Psychologist – Clinical Psychologist
Psychologist – Educational Psychologist
Psychologist – Organisational Psychologist
Psychologist – Psychologists (nec)
Public Relations Officer
Quality Assurance Manager
Radio Communications Technician
Radiographer – Medical Diagnostic Radiographer
Radiographer – Nuclear Medicine Technologist
Radiographer – Radiation Therapist
Radiographer – Sonographer
Registered Nurse (Aged Care)
Registered Nurse (Child and Family Health)
Registered Nurse (Community Health)
Registered Nurse (Critical Care and Emergency)
Registered Nurse (Developmental Disability)
Registered Nurse (Disability and Rehabilitation)
Registered Nurse (Medical Practice)
Registered Nurse (Medical)
Registered Nurse (Mental Health)
Registered Nurse (Paediatrics)
Registered Nurse (Perioperative)
Registered Nurse (Surgical)
Renal Medicine Specialist
Seafarer – Ship's Engineer
Seafarer – Ship's Master
Seafarer – Ship's Officer
Secondary School Teacher
Secretary or administrative assistant
Sheetmetal Trades Worker
Small Engine Mechanic
Social Professionals (nec)
Special Education Teachers
Special Needs Teacher
Specialist Physician (General Medicine)
Teacher – Education Officer
Teacher – English as a Second Language Teacher
Teacher – Extra-systemic Teachers (nec)
Teacher – Pre-Primary School Teacher
Teacher – Primary School Teacher
Teacher – Secondary School Teacher
Teacher – Special Education Teachers (nec)
Teacher – Special Needs Teacher
Teacher – Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
Teacher – Vocational Education Teacher (Non-trades)
Teacher – Vocational Education Teacher (Trades)
Teacher of the Hearing Impaired
Teacher of the Sight Impaired
Teacher of the Sight Impaired
Technical Cable Jointer
Technical Sales Representatives (nec)
Telecommunications Field Engineer
Telecommunications Network Engineer
Telecommunications Network Planner
Telecommunications Technical Officer or Technologist
Thoracic Medicine Specialist
Urban and Regional Planner
Urban and Regional Planner
Visual Arts and Crafts Professionals
Wall and Floor Tiler
Welder (First Class)
Welfare Centre Manager
Associate professionals Occupation
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Worker
Agricultural Technical Officer
Biomedical Engineering Associate
Building Associate Professionals
Chef – Head Chef
Chemistry Technical Officer
Civil Engineering Associate
Civil Engineering Technician
Computing Support Technician
Disabilities Services Officer
Earth Science Technical Officer
Electrical Engineering Associate
Electrical Engineering Technician
Electronic Engineering Associate
Electronic Engineering Technician
Engineering Associate Professionals (nec)
Family Support Worker
Hotel or Motel Manager(subject to transfer).
Hotel or Motel Manager(subject to transfer).
Intensive Care Ambulance Paramedic
Life Science Technical Officer
Mechanical Engineering Associate
Mechanical Engineering Technician
Medical Laboratory Technical Officer
Metallurgical and Materials Technician
Museum or Art Gallery Technician
Other Sports Coach
Parole or Probation Officer
Plumbing Engineering Associate
Primary Products Inspector
Project or Program Administrator
Real Estate Agency Manager
Real Estate Salesperson
Residential Care Officer
Senior Non-Commissioned Defence Force Officer
Sports Development Officers
Surveying and Cartographic Associate
On-the-job training - (Examples: Ration dispenser, fashion model, farmhand, office clerk)
Apprenticeship - (Examples: carpenter, electrician, mason, mechanic, plumber, welder)
Vocational certification - (Examples: chef, cosmetologist, dental assistant, paralegal)
Associate Degree - (Examples: commercial artist, draftsman, nurse practitioner, licensed practical nurse)
Undergraduate Degree - (Examples: accountant, registered nurse, software developer)
Professional Degree - (Examples: engineer, teacher, lawyer, medical doctor)
Graduate Degree - (Examples: astronaut, mathematician, scientist, university professor)
What professions do not enhance essential ingredients of the economy?|
Actors, Producers, and Directors (Fiction)
Bank branch manager
Financial analyst (economy and budget analyst recommended)
Salesman (ration dispenser recommended)
Sales and Related Occupations
Why are these types of activity not recommended for people?
Such activities do not enhance essential ingredients of people.
What are the essential ingredients of an economy?
What should people do who have been misled toward such activity?
Slowly learn skills and knowledge relevant to professions in essential ingredients of the economy displayed here: http://www.qureshiuniversity.com/professionsworld.html
What professions are recommended for people?
List of Training Methods
Many methods of training are available- each has certain advantages and disadvantages.
1. Technology-Based Learning
Common methods of learning via technology include:
•Basic PC-based programs
•Interactive multimedia - using a PC-based CD-ROM
•Interactive video - using a computer in conjunction with a VCR
•Web-based training programs
The forms of training with technology are almost unlimited. A trainer also gets more of the learner''s involvement than in any other environment and trainees have the benefit of learning at their own pace.
Simulators are used to imitate real work experiences.
Most simulators are very expensive but for certain jobs, like learning to fly a 747, they are indispensable. Astronauts also train extensively using simulators to imitate the challenges and micro-gravity experienced on a space mission. The military also uses video games (similar to the "shoot-em-up" ones your 14-year old plays) to train soldiers.
3. On-The-Job Training
Jumping right into work from day one can sometimes be the most effective type of training.
Here are a few examples of on-the-job training:
•Read the manual - a rather boring, but thorough way of gaining knowledge of about a task.
•A combination of observation, explanation and practice.
•Trainers go through the job description to explain duties and answer questions.
•Use the intranet so trainees can post questions concerning their jobs and experts within the company can answer them.
Coaching/mentoring gives employees a chance to receive training one-on-one from an experienced professional. This usually takes place after another more formal process has taken place to expand on what trainees have already learned.
Here are three examples of coaching/mentoring:
•Hire professional coaches for managers (see our HR.com article on Understanding Executive Coaching)
•Set up a formal mentoring program between senior and junior managers
•Implement less formal coaching/mentoring to encourage the more experienced employees to coach the less experienced.
Coaching/mentoring gives trainees the chance to ask questions and receive thorough and honest answers - something they might not receive in a classroom with a group of people.
Lectures usually take place in a classroom-format.
It seems the only advantage to a lecture is the ability to get a huge amount of information to a lot of people in a short amount of time. It has been said to be the least effective of all training methods. In many cases, lectures contain no form of interaction from the trainer to the trainee and can be quite boring. Studies show that people only retain 20 percent of what they are taught in a lecture.
6. Group Discussions & Tutorials
These most likely take place in a classroom where a group of people discuss issues.
For example, if an unfamiliar program is to be implemented, a group discussion on the new program would allow employees to ask questions and provide ideas on how the program would work best.
A better form of training than lectures, it allows all trainees to discuss issues concerning the new program. It also enables every attendee to voice different ideas and bounce them off one another.
7. Role Playing
Role playing allows employees to act out issues that could occur in the workplace. Key skills often touched upon are negotiating and teamwork.
A role play could take place between two people simulating an issue that could arise in the workplace. This could occur with a group of people split into pairs, or whereby two people role play in front of the classroom.
Role playing can be effective in connecting theory and practice, but may not be popular with people who don´t feel comfortable performing in front of a group of people.
8. Management Games
Management games simulate real-life issues faced in the workplace. They attract all types of trainees including active, practical and reflective employees.
Some examples of management games could include:
•Computer simulations of business situations that managers ´play´.
•Board games that simulate a business situation.
•Games surrounding thought and creativity - to help managers find creative ways to solve problems in the workplace, or to implement innovative ideas.
9. Outdoor Training
A nice break from regular classroom or computer-based training, the usual purpose of outdoor training is to develop teamwork skills.
Some examples include:
•Wilderness or adventure training - participants live outdoors and engage in activities like whitewater rafting, sailing, and mountain climbing.
•Low-impact programming - equipment can include simple props or a permanently installed "low ropes" course.
•High-impact programming - Could include navigating a 40-foot "high ropes" course, rock climbing, or rappelling.
Outgoing and active participants may get the most out of this form of training. One risk trainers might encounter is distraction, or people who don´t like outdoor activities.
10. Films & Videos
Films and videos can be used on their own or in conjunction with other training methods.
To be truly effective, training films and videos should be geared towards a specific objective. Only if they are produced effectively, will they keep the trainees attention. They are also effective in stimulating discussion on specific issues after the film or video is finished.
Films and videos are good training tools, but have some of the same disadvantages as a lecture - i.e., no interaction from the trainees.
A few risks to think about - showing a film or video from an outside source may not touch on issues directly affecting a specific company. Trainees may find the information very interesting but irrelevant to their position in the company.
Some trainers like to show videos as a break from another training method, i.e. as a break from a lecture instead of a coffee break.
This is not a good idea for two reasons. One: after a long lecture, trainees will usually want a break from any training material, so a training film wouldn´t be too popular. Two: using films and videos solely for the purpose of a break could get expensive.
11. Case Studies
Case studies provide trainees with a chance to analyze and discuss real workplace issues. They develop analytical and problem-solving skills, and provide practical illustrations of principle or theory. They can also build a strong sense of teamwork as teams struggle together to make sense of a case.
All types of issues could be covered - i.e. how to handle a new product launch.
12. Planned Reading
Basically planned reading is pre-stage preparation to more formal methods of training. Some trainees need to grasp specific issues before heading into the classroom or the team-building session.
Planned reading will provide employees with a better idea of what the issues are, giving them a chance to think of any questions beforehand.
Many avenues exist to train employees. The key is to match the training method to the situation. Assess each training method implemented in the organization and get feedback from trainees to see if they learned anything. Then take the results from the most popular and most effective methods to design a specific training program.