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Medical Technologist
What does a medical technologist do?
What are the duties and responsibilities of this job?
What are the skills and knowledge required for this job?
What is normal?
What is the range of normal human biochemistry laboratory values?
What range of normal human biochemistry laboratory values do I follow?
What types of patient care procedures or tests are you able to perform?
What blood tube colors are for which test?
Who works in a medical laboratory?
What are the types of medical laboratory?
What equipment is in a medical lab?
What are lab supplies?
What are the types of laboratory test?
What is the role of medical laboratory?
What equipment is used in a Haematology lab?
What equipment is needed for a blood test?
Why are laboratory tests ordered?
What are the role of medical laboratory in primary health care?
What is the most common hematology test?
What types of medical equipment and tools do you know how to use and maintain?
What types of medical software or technology have you used in order to document your work?
How do you handle a patient who is refusing to cooperate for a necessary medical test or procedure?
How do you stay up to date on safety procedures and medical technology training for your job?
What does a medical technologist do?
Analysis of Body Fluids in Clinical Chemistry
Medical technologists, also known as clinical laboratory technologists, perform and analyze the results of complex scientific tests on blood and bodily fluids. These highly trained professionals work in hospitals and independent laboratories using sophisticated procedures and equipment.

The Medical Technologist performs a variety of Laboratory tests, many of which are complex, involving numerous steps and techniques and requiring the use of professional judgment. Professional application of the principles, theories and techniques of medical technology are used to produce consistently reliable test results which aid the physician in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.

Blood Test
Urine Test
Stool Test

What are the duties and responsibilities of this job?
Job Duties

The day-to-day duties of a medical technologist include complex analysis of microscopic, immunologic, biologic, bacteriologic, hematologic, and chemical tests and their results. Some tasks that a medical technologist might be asked to perform could include:

Complete Blood Count Test
Blood Chemistry Tests
Analyzing lab reports for accuracy
Collecting and studying blood samples to determine morphology
Preparing cultures of tissue samples
Establishing and monitoring programs that ensure data accuracy
Microscopically examining slides of bodily fluids
Cross-matching blood for transfusions
Chemically analyzing blood or urine for toxic components
Operating and calibrating equipment
Delivering test results to physicians, researchers or patients

What are the skills and knowledge required for this job?

Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems. Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Time Management - Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
Mathematics - Using mathematics to solve problems.
Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Persuasion - Persuading others to change their minds or behavior.
Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Equipment Selection - Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job.
Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Management of Personnel Resources - Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Systems Analysis - Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Systems Evaluation - Identifying measures or indicators of system performance and the actions needed to improve or correct performance, relative to the goals of the system.
Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Negotiation - Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences.


Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Production and Processing - Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Work Styles

Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
Innovation - Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.

Medical biochemistry
Human Healthcare
Debate questions for existing medical doctors (MDs)

What is the range of normal human biochemistry laboratory values?
What range of normal human biochemistry laboratory values do I follow?
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

What ranges of normal human biochemistry values do you follow?
What is the proof that you are following accurate normal human biochemistry laboratory value ranges?
What is the proof that your laboratory is not giving error values?

What types of patient care procedures or tests are you able to perform?
Medical Technologist

Blood Test
Urine Test
Stool Test

Medical Assistant
Example: "I perform phlebotomy, blood pressure, oximetry and height and weight checks, and I am prepared to learn additional medical skills in my next position."

Medical Technician

What Is a Medical Technician?
A medical technician assists lab professionals and technologists with the process of analyzing specimens. They often work in a clinical setting or a hospital laboratory. Medical technicians may also help with the collection of samples from patients, but only under the supervision of a medical technologist. Specimens need to be collected without contamination, transported to the lab, and analyzed for results. The results help doctors determine a diagnosis and treatment plan for their patients.

Medical technicians include:
Cardiovascular technicians, whose duties involve performing echocardiograms, or sonograms of the hearts of patients
Dialysis technicians who are trained to operate dialysis equipment for people with failing kidneys
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) who work with the fire department or ambulance teams to care for patients needing transport to the hospital
Radiology and ultrasound technicians whose job is to administer x-rays, ultrasounds, CAT scans and MRIs for patients
Surgical technicians who are part of the surgical team and assist in preparation for the surgery, performing the surgery and caring for patients after the procedures

What blood tube colors are for which test?
Blood Collection Tubes

Most blood collection tubes contain an additive that either accelerates clotting of the blood (clot activator) or prevents the blood from clotting (anticoagulant). A tube that contains a clot activator will produce a serum sample when the blood is separated by centrifugation and a tube that contains an anticoagulant will produce a plasma sample after centrifugation. Some tests require the use of serum, some require plasma, and other tests require anticoagulated whole blood.
The table below lists the most commonly used blood collection tubes.
Tube cap color
Function of Additive
Common laboratory tests
3.2% Sodium citratePrevents blood from clotting by binding calciumCoagulation
Red or gold (mottled or "tiger" top used with some tubes is not shown)
Serum tube with or without clot activator or gelClot activator promotes blood clotting with glass or silica particles. Gel separates serum from cells.Chemistry, serology, immunology

Sodium or lithium heparin with or without gelPrevents clotting by inhibiting thrombin and thromboplastinStat and routine chemistry
Lavender or pink
Potassium EDTAPrevents clotting by binding calciumHematology and blood bank
Sodium fluoride, and sodium or potassium oxalateFluoride inhibits glycolysis, and oxalate prevents clotting by precipitating calcium.
Glucose (especially when testing will be delayed), blood alcohol, lactic acid

Types of Tubes
Occupational Video - Medical Laboratory Technologist

Roles and Responsibilities in the Lab

Who works in a medical laboratory?
Medical Technologist (MT)
Medical Technician
Laboratory Director
Technical and General Supervisors
Medical Laboratory Scientist (MLS)
Clinical Laboratory Scientist (CLS)

Specialized Roles

Doctor Asif Qureshi is willing to guide them.
Doctor Asif Qureshi can guide 19 specific types of physicians.
Pathology Assistant (PA)
Cytogeneticist (CG)
Cytotechnologist (CT)
Histotechnologist (HTL)
Histologic technician (HT)

Roles and Responsibilities in the Lab


Job Type: Full-time

Monday to Friday
8 Hour Shift

What are the types of medical laboratory?
Laboratory Departments and Overview
Chemistry: Chemistry performs a wide variety of tests using the most current technology
Hematology: Hematology is the study of blood, blood morphology and blood
Transfusion Services/Immunology
Surgical Pathology

What equipment is in a medical lab?
Medical Laboratory Equipment
Blood gas analyzers.
Blood Collection supplies.
Chemistry analyzers.
Coagulation analyzers.
Differential counters.
Drug Testing Analyzers.
Electrolyte analyzers.

Alphabetical Listing of Laboratory Products
Instruments used in medical laboratories

Alphabetical Listing of Laboratory Products

What are lab supplies?
Lab supplies are used for conducting controlled and precise tests, research, and experiments in laboratories. ... Lab utensils and instruments are used to measure, mix, sort, handle, dispense, and analyze lab materials precisely and efficiently.

What are the types of laboratory test?
Common Lab Tests
Complete Blood Count. This test, also known as a CBC, is the most common blood test performed.
Prothrombin Time. Also known as PT and Pro Time, this test measures how long it takes blood to clot.
Basic Metabolic Panel.
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel.
Lipid Panel.
Liver Panel.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone.
Hemoglobin A1C.

What is the role of medical laboratory?
The major role of a medical laboratory is to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases by performing qualitative, quantitative or screening test procedures or examinations on materials derived from the human body.

What equipment is used in a Haematology lab?
Hematology instruments are machines that analyze blood. Used in medical labs, hematology instruments can do blood counts, detect proteins or enzymes, and help to diagnose illnesses or genetic defects. The instruments include analyzers, flow cytometers, coagulation analyzers, and slide stainers.

What equipment is needed for a blood test?
At a minimum, the equipment required when drawing blood includes gloves, alcohol or iodine to cleanse the area, a tourniquet, tubes, a tube holder, needles, tape, and gauze.

Why are laboratory tests ordered?
Your doctor may also compare your results to results from previous tests. Laboratory tests are often part of a routine checkup to look for changes in your health. They also help doctors diagnose medical conditions, plan or evaluate treatments, and monitor diseases.

What are the role of medical laboratory in primary health care?
The central duty of a clinical lab technician is to assist in the detection, diagnosis and treatment of disease in patients. They then do lab work and analyze the samples to provide the primary physicians with the information they need to more effectively treat the patients.

What is the most common hematology test?
One of the most common hematology tests is the complete blood count, or CBC. This test is often conducted during a routine exam and can detect anemia, clotting problems, blood cancers, immune system disorders and infections. What types of medical equipment and tools do you know how to use and maintain?
CBC Analyser
Chemistry analyser

Example: "I have used autoclaves and centrifuges for five years, and I am also experienced with using phlebotomy tools for the safe collection of blood."

What types of medical software or technology have you used in order to document your work?
The answer should be relevant to the situation.
Here are the various situations.
Example: "I have used the ClinSys software for three years on both mobile and desktop devices, and I log out when completing a patient entry."

Medical Technologist

Merck manual
Calculate by qxmd
Icd-10 on the go mobile
Mobile mim (fda-approved)
Visible body Gauss apps (fda-approved)
Isurf brain view
Nejm image challenge

Medical Technician

Cardiovascular tech apps

Cardiosmart explorer

Ecg source

Healthcare professional networking app


Patient-focused app
Dario diabetes manager

How do you handle a patient who is refusing to cooperate for a necessary medical test or procedure?
Example: "I repeat the patient's concern and explain the need to do the procedure or test in a new way that makes sense to them."

How do you stay up to date on safety procedures and medical technology training for your job?
Continue discussing the issue until you get the answer.
Research, research, and research.

Here are further guidelines.

Here are further guidelines.
Last Updated: November 24, 2019